Monday, 1 November 2010

From autumn in italy 2010, posted by Izani Zainal on 10/28/2010 (41 items)

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Monday, 16 August 2010

Panduan memilih car seat

Types of Child Seats

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An appropriate child restraint is one which:

  • conforms to the United Nations standard, ECE Regulation 44-03
  • is suitable for the child's weight and size
  • is correctly fitted according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Child restraints are divided into categories, according to the weight of the children for whom they are suitable. These correspond broadly to different age groups, but it is the weight of the child that is most important when deciding what type of child restraint to use.

Retailers often describe child restraints in terms of 'Stages':

Stage 1 = Groups 0 and 0+
Stage 2 = Group 1
Stage 3 = Group 2
Stage 4 = Group 3

Some child restraints are capable of being converted as the child grows and, therefore, fit into more than one group or stage.

The main types are:

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Rearward-facing Baby SeatsRearward-facing Baby Seats
Group 0: for babies up to 10 kgs (22 lbs) roughly from birth to 6-9 months, or

Group 0+: for babies up to 13kg (29lbs) roughly from birth to 12-15 months

They can be used in the front or rear of the car. It is safer to put them in the rear. DO NOT put them in the front passenger seat if there is a passenger airbag. Rearward-facing seats provide greater protection for the baby's head, neck and spine than forward-facing seats. So, it is best to keep your baby in a rearward-facing seat for as long as possible. Only move them to a forward-facing seat once they have exceeded the maximum weight for the baby seat, or the top of their head is higher than the top of the seat.

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Forward-facing child seatForward-facing child seat
Group 1: for children weighing 9-18 kgs (20-40 lbs) roughly from 9 months - 4 years.

Once children have outgrown a rearwards facing seat, the best option is to use a Group 1 seat with an integral harness, the large area of the harness helps to reduce the risk of injury if there is a crash. The bottom attachment between the legs will also prevent the child from sliding under, and out of, the harness.

They can be used in the front or rear of the car, but it is safer to put them in the rear, especially if there is a passenger airbag in the front.

Once again, it is safest to keep children in this type of system until they have outgrown it. Only move your child to a booster seat once they have exceeded the maximum weight for the child seat, or the top of their head is higher than the top of the seat.

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Booster seat

Booster seats and booster cushions
Group 2: for children weighing 15 - 25 kgs (33 - 55 lbs) roughly 4 to 6 years.

Group 3: for children weighing 22 - 36 kgs (48 - 79 lbs) roughly from 6 - 11 years.

Booster seats that only fit into Group 2 or only into Group 3 are no longer produced and modern booster seats are designed for children between 15kg and 36kg (33 - 79 lbs).

Booster cushions can be approved for Groups 2 and Group 3, although some are only approved for just Group 3. You should ensure your child is within the weight range of any booster seat or booster cushion.

Some booster seats are designed to be converted into a booster cushion by detaching the back rest, and you should always check the manufacturers advice about when and how to do this.

Booster seats and booster cushions do not have an integral harness to hold the child in place. The adult seat belt goes around the child and the seat. So it is important that the seat belt is correctly adjusted. The basic points to note are:

  • the belt should be worn as tight as possible
  • the lap belt should go over the pelvic region, not the stomach
  • the diagonal strap should rest over the shoulder, not the neck

Booster Cushion

When children first move out of the forward-facing child seats into booster seats and cushions, initially, ones with backs may provide a better fit for the seat belt. Booster seats with side wings will also help to prevent injury in a side impact by protecting a child's head, and on several seats, the height of the side wings can be adjusted as the child grows.

Booster seats and booster cushions can be used in the front or rear of the car, but it is safer to put them in the rear, especially if there is a passenger airbag in the front.

Panduan memilih pushchair

Choosing the right pushchair

As you get ready for your baby's arrival, choosing a good pushchair is a must. You'll be using it every day until your baby is three or four years old, so we've put together this guide to make sure the one you choose is just right.

What pushchair is right for you?

What pushchair is right for you? When you're shopping for a pushchair, make sure you keep your needs and the needs of your baby in mind. Whatever you choose will need to be sturdy, comfortable, waterproof and well insulated for cold weather. Other key features to look for are swivel wheels for manoeuvrability and rubber wheels, which give a smoother ride than plastic.

The kind of place you live, the trips you'll be making and how you'd like your baby to be positioned will all determine what kind of pushchair you end up with. Here are just a few things to consider:

Your baby's needs

Will the pushchair be used from birth?Will the pushchair be used from birth?

The age of your baby will determine the kind of pushchair you go for. Because newborn babies need to lie flat, you should choose a pushchair with a fully reclining seat while your baby is young. From three months, you can try a partly reclining stroller, then from six months it's ok for your child to sit upright. These days, a lot of pushchairs are designed to grow with your child, featuring multiple recline positions.

Keeping an eye on baby

Many pushchairs now have a reversible seat, so you can choose whether your baby faces forward or faces you. Seats that turn around to face you are a great option if you'd like to be able to pull faces at your baby, check whether they're asleep, or just see what they're up to!

Added features to make life easier

Finally, take a look at the added extras and accessories available. An easy-to-use folding mechanism is a must, and adjustable handle heights and shopping baskets can really help to make life easier. Detachable seat pads, a footrest, raincovers, sun parasols and footmuffs are also available - helping you ensure your baby stays comfy all year round.

Your needs

Where are you going to use it?Where are you going to use it?

When you're choosing a pushchair, it's really important to take your lifestyle into account. How are you going to use the pushchair? Do you make a lot of journeys on foot, on the bus, or will you be taking your pushchair with you in the car? Manoeuvrability, sturdy wheels and suspension are all important if you're going to be doing a lot of walking, while a lightweight, easy-to-fold frame is key to getting the pushchair in and out of the car. Look for pushchairs that offer one-handed folding mechanisms for extra convenience, and if you've ever had back problems, it's worth looking for a lightweight model.

Think about storageThink about storage

Before you choose, measure the size of your car boot and have a think about where in your home you'll store the pushchair when you're not using it. If your home is quite small, then compact folding will be important. Also think about getting in and out of the house - some pushchairs are more practical than others if there are a lot of steps involved!

Keep your budget in mind

Together with the length of time you'll be using the pushchair for. If you'd like to pass it on to your next child, you might want to invest a bit more. But if you're thinking of switching to a stroller after a few months then you might not spend as much. Also make sure you know what accessories are included. A great value option is a travel system - it has all the parts and accessories you need for the car and when you're out and about, plus you only need to buy one thing.